Dark Spots: How to Combat Hyperpigmentation
Struggling with Hyperpigmentation? If it helps, you are not alone. Hyperpigmentation (aka dark spots) is very common and can happen to anyone. These stubborn spots are often caused by sun exposure, acne scars, hormone fluctuations, and melasma. If you are not sure what’s causing hyperpigmentation or how to treat it, read on. We’re going to dive into its potential causes and how you can correct these dark spots.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
So there are quite a few reasons why you are experiencing dark spots on your skin. Here are three common types of hyperpigmentation and how they occur:
Sun exposure is the number one cause of these unwanted spots. The sun is a major risk factor because it can also continue to make hyperpigmentation worse, which makes it more difficult to treat.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a result of physical or inflammatory trauma to the skin. Acne scarring, scrapes, burns, and rashes are a few examples of how post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can happen. The appearance of PIH is usually flat and the color depends on your normal skin tone and the severity of the trauma.
Melasma is caused by hormonal changes in the body. This type of hyperpigmentation is also known as “the mask of pregnancy” because pregnant women are more likely to experience it. Melasma usually appears as dark patches on the cheeks, chin, nose, upper lip, and other areas of the face.
Dark Spot Treatments
Now, on to the good part. How do you effectively treat hyperpigmentation? If you are looking for the right dark spot treatment at home, here are three natural skin brighteners to look for. Each ingredient is known for combatting dark spots and promoting brighter, even-toned skin.
Kojic Acid is known for annihilating dark spots. This powerful ingredient penetrates deep into the skin to suppress excess melanin production. Many people report a noticeable improvement in their hyperpigmentation within two weeks of adding kojic acid to their skincare routine. Kojic acid is also known for its natural skin brightening properties. It not only diminishes dark spots but gives the skin a youthful glow. This natural ingredient also acts as an antioxidant and has antimicrobial properties.
Vitamin C is another ingredient often used to treat hyperpigmentation. This is because it’s known to impede excess melanin production, which reduces dark spots and even out skin tone. vitamin C is also another powerful antioxidant, which helps to fight free radical damage.
Licorice Root Extract is another powerful dark spot corrector. Found mostly in serums, this natural ingredient minimizes tyrosine from forming, which inhibits excess melanin production (skin discoloration). Licorice Extract is also a potent antioxidant and offers anti-inflammatory benefits.
Whether you decide to add one of these three dark spot correctors or others to your routine, there are a few things to keep in mind. Any skin brightener can increase sun sensitivity so it’s important to always use sunscreen. Also, always pay attention to your skin. Even though each ingredient listed has been shown to be tolerable by those with sensitive skin, every face is different.